The PARIS REINFORCE project is led by the Energy Policy Unit, of the National Technical University of Athens. The international consortium comprises 13 European and 5 non-European research institutes.

Country: Greece

The National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) is the oldest, most prestigious and most competitive academic institute in Greece. NTUA will participate in the project through its lab EPU-NTUA (Decision Support System Laboratory). EPU-NTUA is a multidisciplinary scientific unit within the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, which conducts research and development, scientific / technical support and training activities addressing a wide range of complex research and application problems.

Operating for more than 25 years, it has a long tradition in scientific consulting, promotion, training and research activities in the areas of management and decision support systems for energy and climate policy, renewables and energy efficiency policies design and cost effectiveness, promotion of clean energy technologies, energy regulation, planning at national & regional level, design and implementation of dissemination and visibility actions, sustainable development and energy conservation.  

Country: Spain

The Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) is an Excellence Research Centre based in the Basque Country (Spain), created in 2008, jointly promoted by the Basque Government and the University of the Basque Country. BC3´s mission is to strategically foster co-production of knowledge relevant to decision making by integrating environmental, socioeconomic and ethical dimensions of climate change. As of 2018, BC3 relies on a multidisciplinary team of 46 researchers and 5 management staff.

For the past decade, our contribution to research of climate change and to the science-policy interface places us in a unique position to offer knowledge, tools and new methodologies that we aim toward action and shared work to design and help to apply policies aimed at sustainable development.

Country: Belgium

Bruegel is a Brussels-based European think tank that specializes in economics. Bruegel is committed to impartiality, openness and excellence. Bruegel is a non-profit international association under Belgian law (AISBL). Its governance and funding model makes Bruegel unique, being the only think tank partly funded by several EU Member States: it is supported by 19 European governments, 35 international corporations, and 12 international institutions. and the Member States.  Bruegel also often organises small scale dialogues with key policymakers such as European commissioners or directors-general as well as ministers or heads of international organisations. 

Country: United Kingdom (UK)

The University of Cambridge (UCAM) is one of the world's oldest universities and leading academic centers, and a self-governed community of scholars. Cambridge comprises 31 Colleges and over 150 departments, faculties, schools and other institutions.  In PARIS REINFORCE UCAM will be represented by The University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership (CISL) and the Energy Policy Research Group (EPRG) CISL is a department within the School of Technology at the University of Cambridge. CISL employs over 50 people at offices in Cambridge, Brussels and Cape Town.

For over 25 years the Institute has been working to build leadership capacity to tackle critical global challenges, through business action, executive education and Master's level programmes. By bringing together multidisciplinary researchers with influential business and policy practitioners across the globe, CISL fosters an exchange of ideas across traditional boundaries to generate new, solutions-oriented thinking.

Country: Norway

Research Council of Norway, with smaller funding from Government ministries and other national and international programmes or organisations. CICERO researchers regularly published in top academic journals in a range of fields (Science, Nature, etc) and has the highest publication ranking amongst the Norwegian environmental institutes. Communication, stakeholder management and process facilitation is of core importance to CICERO from its founding, with most CICERO projects involving dedicated communication and dissemination activities. CICERO participates in a broad network of national and international research communities: IPCC assessment reports (AR6 WGI vice-chair, SR15 Review Editor, six lead authors), global change programmes (e.g., Future Earth, Global Carbon Project) and EU research (eg Joint Programming Initiatives). CICERO has around 75 staff, 60 of which are research staff, 10 in administration and 5 dedicated to communication.

Country: Italy

The Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC) is a non-profit research institution ( CMCC’s mission is to investigate and model our climate system and its interactions with society to provide reliable, rigorous, and timely scientific results, which will in turn stimulate sustainable growth, protect the environment, and develop science driven adaptation and mitigation policies in a changing climate. CMCC collaborates with experienced scientists, economists, and technicians, which work together in order to provide full analyses of climate impacts on various systems such as agriculture, ecosystems, coasts, water resources, health, and economics. CMCC also supports policymakers in setting and assessing costs, mitigation, and adaptation policies. In particular, CMCC is providing technical and scientific Support to the Italian Ministry of Environment at the UNFCCC negotiations on adaptation and agriculture and forestry issues.

Country: Italy

E4SMA provides consulting services in the areas of energy planning, policy and environment/climate, developing and using the TIMES models at local, country and global level. E4SMA has been involved in several international activities, collaborating with public and private institutions, on energy model design, implementation, and scenario analysis. E4SMA is also delivering worldwide training courses on VEDA-TIMES and supporting institutions in capacity building with energy system models.

Country: Switzerland

EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) is a leading university of technology in the world, with a large scientific impact in spite of its relatively small size (about 10700 students of which almost 2100 PhD students, and a staff of 5500 persons). It is one of the two universities in Switzerland entirely financed by the federal government. EPFL offers 13 complete study programs at the Bachelor's and Master's levels in engineering, basic sciences, computer and communication sciences, life sciences, civil engineering, architecture and the environment. LEURE (Laboratory of Environmental and URban Economics directed by Philippe Thalmann) is part of the Faculty of the Natural and Built Environment of the EPFL.

Country: Germany

Fraunhofer ISI analyses the origins and impacts of innovations. The Institute is researching the short and long term developments of innovation processes and the impacts of new technologies and services on society. On this basis, we are able to provide our clients from industry, politics and science with recommendations for action and perspectives for key decisions. Our expertise is founded on our scientific competence as well as an interdisciplinary and systemic research approach Fraunhofer ISI research in the field of energy concentrates on energy efficiency, renewable energy sources, energy economics analyses, energy and climate policy as well as electricity market design. Fraunhofer ISI offers extensive experience in energy system modelling in particular with respect to long-term energy demand, the impact of variable renewable energies and flexibility options in the power system. Fraunhofer ISI assesses on a regular basis environmental, economic and social impacts of low carbon technologies.

Country: United Kingdom

Imperial College London is a world top ten university with an international reputation for excellence in teaching and research. Consistently rated amongst the world's best universities, Imperial is committed to developing the next generation of researchers, scientists and academics through collaboration across disciplines. Located in the heart of London, Imperial is a multidisciplinary space for education, research, translation and commercialisation, harnessing science and innovation to tackle global challenges.

Country: Greece

HOLISTIC is a dynamic consultancy firm in the fields of digital services, energy / environmental policy and planning, projects organization and management support. Moreover, HOLISTIC provides a wide range of marketing and communication services that can be conducted during and within a project’s lifecycle, under funding schemes such as Horizon 2020, Interreg Med and others. HOLISTIC comes from a team of executives who have long and extensive experience in the development of projects in these fields, they have the necessary know-how to undertake and execute complex projects of public, municipal and private organisations in the EU, while they have a considerable research and academic background in cutting-edge methodologies, systems and technologies, which allows detailed and well-documented studies to be carried out in the areas of expertise of the company.

Country: The Netherlands

The Institute for European Energy and Climate Policy (IEECP, is a non-profit international research institute that brings together top experts in energy efficiency and climate policy issues from various EU research organisations. Its members have participated individually and coordinated a series of Intelligent Energy Europe (such as ENSPOL), FP7 (such as APRAISE, POLIMP and others) and Horizon 2020 projects (TRANSRISK, CARISMA, PUBLENEF, EU-MERCI), where they can demonstrate their extensive experience with project management and coordination tasks. Members of the IEECP are also coordinating a running Horizon 2020 PUBLENEF (Supporting Public Authorities for Implementing Energy Efficiency Policies) project and are scientific and technical project coordinators for Horizon 2020 PROSPECT (Peer Powered Cities and Regions).

Country: France

SEURECO (Société EURopéenne d'ECOnomie, France) is a SME created by researchers and, five years ago, that has carried on the research activity of the ERASME laboratory: a University team specialised in economics and particularly in the construction and the use of large scale models for economic forecasts and policy assessments. The application field of their expertise is mainly on structural policies, energy and environment, fiscal policies and research and innovation policies. The academic origin has focused a part of its activities on the transfer of advanced theory in operational modelling. SEURECO main activities consist in building applied models (general and partial equilibrium, calibrated or econometric) and then using them to assess European and national public policies for R&I, energy, climate, taxation, etc.

Country: Brazil

The Centre for Sustainable Development (CDS) is a permanent learning, research and extension unit, which operates directly under the rectory of the University of Brasilia. It is an academic space aimed at promoting the ethics of sustainability, by means of fostering dialogue regarding knowledge, learning and competence building. The CDS is a top-rated academic institution in Brazil. In 2017, CDS achieved the maximum academic score by CAPES, which assesses academic performance of postgraduate education in Brazil. In addition, the University of Brasilia (UnB), in which CDS is based, has been ranked the 16th best university in Latin America by Times Higher Education in 2018. CDS/UnB will work in close collaboration with the Institute of Economics (IE) of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). IE/UFRJ is one of the Brazilian centers of excellence in economic teaching and research, which offers an array of academic programs such as undergraduate and graduate, research and specialized services in the economic field that are of the interest of the University or of private and public entities.

Country: China

China University of Petroleum Beijing (CUP) is a comprehensive and national key university, founded in 1953. As one of the first-tier “211” national universities under administration of the Ministry of Education, CUP is honoured as China's "Advantageous Discipline Innovation Platform" Project Construction University and it also enters the ranks of national first-class disciplines.


Energy Economics, Finance and Policy Research Center (EEFPRC) is a qualified energy science research institute and think tank, committed to provide energy strategy and policy consultation service. With the purpose to meet national energy strategy requirements, EEFPRC focus on solving complex and synergistic problems in energy strategy. In recent years, the research institute mainly works on innovating scientific research and development of models, including the database and information platform. EEFPRC integrates energy strategy, economics, finance and politics topics, and offers high quality energy strategy and policy consultation.

Country: Russian Federation

Institute of Economic Forecasting, Russian Academy of Sciences (IEF RAS) specializes in the implementation of scientific research in the socioeconomic development of Russia and also making the recommendations and proposals in order to improve the quality of national economic policy. IEF RAS intensively cooperates with policy makers in Russia. The calculations are performed using macroeconomic models for the world economy, the Russian economy, some regions and sectors. The Institute has a wide database on the development of the Russian economy and energy sector. Since the energy sector plays a decisive role in the Russian economy, IEF RAS pays great attention to researching its impact on socioeconomic development of Russia. The key actual issues include the Paris Agreement implementation and the alignment of Russia with a low-carbon world but in the manner which is in line with national socioeconomic targets. That’s why institute’s modelling tool is strongly adjusted for environmental objectives and may be used for substantiating the policy measures that can facilitate the realization of Paris scenarios in Russia.  IEF RAS hosts an interdisciplinary team of more than 150 researchers. After Russia's invasion of Ukraine and the amendment to Council Regulation (EU) No 833/2014, the institute's participation in the PARIS REINFORCE project was terminated.

Country: Japan

The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) was established in March 1998. The aim of the Institute is to achieve a new paradigm for civilization and conduct innovative policy development and strategic research for environmental measures, reflecting the results of research into political decisions for realising sustainable development both in the Asia-Pacific region and globally.

Country: India

A unique developing country institution, TERI is deeply committed to every aspect of sustainable development. TERI's vision for sustainable development is global, and activities undertaken across the entire institute span not only the local and national-level policy and technology space, but are also aimed at suggesting global solutions and sustainable pathways to address critical energy and environment-related issues. From advancing solutions to growing urban transport and air pollution problems to promoting energy efficiency in the Indian industry; from tackling global climate change issues across many continents to enhancing forest conservation efforts among local communities; from providing environment-friendly solutions to rural energy problems to helping shape the development of the Indian oil and gas sector, the emphasis has always been on finding innovative solutions to make the world a better place to live in.  TERI has the distinction of being one of the first developing country institutions to launch research activities in the area of climate change, as early as 1988, and has a dedicated research group on the subject.